Navigant, commissioned by the European Climate Foundation, has calculated the impacts of the 35% renewable energy and the 35% energy efficiency target proposed by the European Parliament and showed that achieving such higher targets would result in emission cuts of approximately 50%.
The EU has set key targets for greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions, as well as for the share of renewable energy and the improvement of energy efficiency. The aim of the EU is to reduce GHG emissions with at least 40% by 2030, compared to 1990 emission levels. However, these targets were agreed before the importance of achieving deeper emissions cuts to keep global temperature increases below 1.5 °C was stressed in the Paris Agreement.
On November 30, 2016, the European Commission presented proposals for a revised Renewable Energy Directive and a revised Energy Efficiency Directive. The revised directives should “ensure that the share of renewable energy in the EU final energy consumption reaches at least 27% by 2030” and introduces a “30% binding energy efficiency target for 2030 at EU level.”
In response to the proposed revisions of the Renewable Energy Directive and the Energy Efficiency Directive, the European Parliament voted for binding EU-level targets of a minimum 35% share of energy from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption and a 35% improvement in energy efficiency.